1815 Kandyan Agreement

The Sinhalese translation of the convention makes it clear that it was an agreement between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Sinhalese, which referred to the whole island and its maritime areas and the ocean around them. This historic convention had only 12 clauses and was published in Kandy as a royal proclamation on 2 March 1815. Under Portuguese rule, Kandy allied himself with the Dutch; after the Dutch rule, she asked for the help of the British. Since the British acquisition of Ceylon in 1796, Kandy has been launched on its own resources. The British saw Kandy`s continued independence as an obstacle to the development of their trade and communication network in Ceylon. The first British attack on Kandy in 1803 was a failure. In 1815, however, the Kandyan chiefs were dissatisfied with their tyrannical king (of southern Indian origin) and welcomed the British intervention. In the 1815 agreement that followed, the Kandyan Convention, the King of Kandyan was deposed and sovereignty transferred to the British Crown, but the rights of the Kandyan chiefs were widely respected. The chiefs were soon dissatisfied with the injunction and openly rebelled in 1817, but were firmly enslaved by the British in 1818. Ceylon was thus placed under a unique domination for the first time in many centuries. One of the forerunners of the Kandyan Convention was the official declaration of the colonization of Kandyan provinces, the proclamation of January 10, 1815, which said that it was not against the Kandyan Nation that Her Majesty`s arms were directed.

His Excellency proclaims hostility against this tyrannical power which has provoked more serious indignations and indignations, which have cut off the oldest and noblest families that have flooded the country with blood, and the violation of all religious and moral law has become an object of distaste for humanity. British agents skilfully investigated the reasons for Kandy`s success in the past and worked to neutralize them methodically. Their strategy was successful and the result was that the second invasion in 1815 was an easy success and Kandy, the last holdout of the Sinhalese, fell without much resistance. After 200 years since this historic event, this article is an attempt to put the circumstances and factors that led to the signing of this contract between Lieutenant General Robert Brownrigg, Governor and Commander-in-Chief in and over the British colonies and territories on the island of Ceylon, who, on behalf of Her Majesty George, , the third, King King and His Royal Highness George Prince of Wales, Regent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, on the one hand, and on the one hand the Adigars, Dissawas and other Principal Chiefs of kandyan provinces on behalf of the inhabitants, in the presence of the Mohottales, Korales, Vidanes and other subordinated helmets of several provinces and then people gathered. It also aims to briefly address the impact and impact of this agreement. Thereafter there was a period of relative peace and calm during the first three years of British rule (1815-1818). However, indigenous leaders have increasingly witnessed an erosion and a violation of the legally binding conditions set by the Kandyan Convention by the legitimately appointed authority of the British government. The rights, privileges and powers of their respective functions were taken into their own hands and disagreed. The Kandyan Convention is a unique document for the national and international community. March 15, 1815 was signed in the kandy palace. It was a document prepared for a colony between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Kandyan.

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